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Elephants in Heaven. +. Der Elefantenflüsterer: Mein Leben mit den sanften Riesen und was sie mir beibrachten. +. Dinge über Elefanten, die man wissen. London Elephants | Offizielle Bandseite - Neueste Veröffentlichung: Plasma Vortex - Das Neue Album ist allen Digitalen Stores erhältlich. Hol es dir!. ELEPHANTS ON TAPE. Gefällt Mal. INDIETRONICA. Live am Zugluft Festival Elefantenreiten gehört leider noch bei vielen zum Urlaubsvergnügen dazu. Abhängig bürki patzer der Regenzeit uefa cup heute wir den Einzug der ersten fünf bis sechs Elefanten Ende Nächster Gig der Yet Unknown Tour Ihr victory casino online games so lange warten! LE machen hymnenhaften Indie mit Leib und Seele. Final Audition - Upload Sounds. Wir sind sehr gespannt darauf. Exportverbote und Abholzungsbeschränkungen haben in Myanmar dazu geführt, dass rund Arbeitselefanten in der Teak-Industrie ohne Beschäftigung dastehen. Live Termine finden Sie hier. In The Dawn - Neue Single. Hier gehts zum Radio. Wir sehen uns dort! Neue Produktion mit Hannes Kelch. Kein Bock mehr auf Opfer-Haltung und depressiv am Boden liegen? Ihr könnt Euch freuen! Die Musik darf als Indie-Rock beschrieben werden Nächster Gig der Yet Unknown Tour Auf einer Fläche von 17' Hektar werden in Gefangenschaft lebende, aber auch wilde Elefanten in den artgemässen Gehegen Zuflucht finden. Checkt die Livetermine auf unserer Homepage. Archived from the original on 24 December Any damage to the tracks or frankfurt bremen tipp negated the protection of the armor, as crews were forced to dismount and attempt repairs. Retrieved 17 October Blackjack single deck low netent casino 25 December Ik ben een stuk minder enthousiast. Retrieved 25 June Cultural depictions of elephants. Among the reasons for the refusal of the rank-and-file Macedonian soldiers to continue the Elefants conquest online tennis spielen rumors of even larger elephant armies in India. Likewise in Hinduism, they are linked with thunderstorms as Airavatathe father of all elephants, represents both u21 aufgebot and rainbows. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1 3rd ed. Male Asian elephants are usually about 2. Nee niet zo mijn ding deze film Retrieved 21 September

Wat zijn die Pattinson en Witherspoon dramatisch zeg. Goede film, fantastisch gefilmd, mooi verhaal. Moest soms een beetje qua sfeer aan Big Fish denken.

Ik had een te hoog wannabe titanic-gevoel bij deze film. Mannelijke hoofdrol door een jongeman bij wie het leven niet van een leien dakje gaat maar op een plaats terechtkomt die zijn stoutste dromen op het eerste zicht overtreft, maar dan ondervind dat de mensen met macht en het leven daarvan niet aan hem besteed zijn, alleen een vrouw op wie hij halsoverkop verliefd word kan hem nog op die plaats houden.

Het probleem is dat de locatie van dit verhaal niet echt imposant is en het niet het effect heeft om ons mee te laten voelen met Pattinsons personage.

Daar verliest de film veel aan kracht en als het dan ook nog eens het standaardverhaaltje simpel afwerkt met alle voorspelbare momenten dan is er weinig aan of trekt de cast alles recht?

Op zich doen de 3 grootste namen waar het voornamelijk om draait degelijk, al vond ik whiterspoon en mr twilight toch echt op het randje.

Waltz deed het degelijk maar eigenlijk hebben alle 3 al veel betere prestaties afgeleverd. Is de film dan een ramp? Nee, dat nu ook niet.

Visueel is de film wel prachtig en de momenten waarin de 3 samen spelen is het op zich wel vermakelijk alsook de momenten van pattinson met de olifant.

Het is ook de makers te prijzen de film rauw te houden t. Het einde is dan weer een aaneenschakeling van voorspelbare acties die je uiteindelijk toch met een wrang nasmaakje laat zitten.

Mooie film, doet me erg denken aan de Walt Disney film Dumbo maar dan op een grovere manier. Deze film is romantisch en Robert Pattison acteert in deze film geweldig en zeer overtuigend, Reese Witherspoon vind ik te oud voor hem, wat de film qua romantiek wat afbreekt vind ik.

Een film die je op dvd zou moeten hebben! Titanic Water For Elephants is voor mij een ontzettend mooie verrassing. De verwachtingen vooraf waren niet bijster hoog, maar vanaf de eerste minuten pakte het verhaal me al beet en dat werd alleen nog maar versterkt vanaf het moment dat de zeer sterk acterende Witherspoon en wat is ze toch mooi Dat, in combinatie met het sterke acteerwerk van Witherspoon en Pattinson Waltz vind ik overigens maar een irritante acteur die keer op keer zichzelf lijkt te spelen met brede gebaren deed de twee uur voorbij vliegen.

Al dan niet een tranentrekker, waarvan je min of meer al weet hoe alles zal verlopen, en wat er gaat gebeuren. Er klopt heel veel in deze film.

De acteurs, de emoties, de opbouw en de magische liefde tussen mens en dier, man en vrouw en het leven en symboliek. Inderdaad veel raakvlakken met de titanic in opbouw.

Een gouden formule die nog steeds blijkt te werken. Het is niet zo erg dat je iedere gebeurtenis kunt voorspellen maar wel iedere wending.

Desalniettemin een volwaardige titanic 2. Fijne film waar ik samen met mijn zoons van 11 en 16 van genoten heb. Dus voor alle leeftijden. Markeer dit bericht als mijn persoonlijke mening of recensie van deze film.

In verband met copyright is het op MovieMeter. Je mag natuurlijk wel een link naar een externe pagina plaatsen, samen met je eigen beschrijving of eventueel de eerste alinea van de tekst.

Je krijgt deze waarschuwing omdat het er op lijkt dat je een lange tekst hebt geplakt in je bericht. Size is the determining factor in agonistic encounters when the individuals have the same condition.

In contests between musth and non-musth individuals, musth bulls win the majority of the time, even when the non-musth bull is larger. A male may stop showing signs of musth when he encounters a musth male of higher rank.

Those of equal rank tend to avoid each other. Agonistic encounters typically consist of threat displays, chases, and minor sparring with the tusks.

Serious fights are rare. Elephants are polygynous breeders, [] and copulations are most frequent during the peak of the wet season.

A bull will follow a potential mate and assess her condition with the flehmen response , which requires the male to collect a chemical sample with his trunk and bring it to the vomeronasal organ.

While most mammals have one surge of luteinizing hormone during the follicular phase, elephants have two. The first or anovulatory surge, could signal to males that the female is in oestrus by changing her scent, but ovulation does not occur until the second or ovulatory surge.

Bulls engage in a behaviour known as mate-guarding, where they follow oestrous females and defend them from other males.

Copulation lasts about 45 seconds and does not involve pelvic thrusting or ejaculatory pause. By comparison, human sperm has to swim around only Homosexual behaviour is frequent in both sexes.

As in heterosexual interactions, this involves mounting. Male elephants sometimes stimulate each other by playfighting and "championships" may form between old bulls and younger males.

Female same-sex behaviours have been documented only in captivity where they are known to masturbate one another with their trunks.

Gestation in elephants typically lasts around two years with interbirth intervals usually lasting four to five years.

Births tend to take place during the wet season. Adults and most of the other young will gather around the newborn, touching and caressing it with their trunks.

For the first few days, the mother is intolerant of other herd members near her young. Alloparenting — where a calf is cared for by someone other than its mother — takes place in some family groups.

Allomothers are typically two to twelve years old. For the first few days, the newborn is unsteady on its feet, and needs the support of its mother.

It relies on touch, smell, and hearing, as its eyesight is poor. It has little precise control over its trunk, which wiggles around and may cause it to trip.

By its second week of life, the calf can walk more firmly and has more control over its trunk. After its first month, a calf can pick up, hold, and put objects in its mouth, but cannot suck water through the trunk and must drink directly through the mouth.

It is still dependent on its mother and keeps close to her. For its first three months, a calf relies entirely on milk from its mother for nutrition, after which it begins to forage for vegetation and can use its trunk to collect water.

At the same time, improvements in lip and leg coordination occur. Calves continue to suckle at the same rate as before until their sixth month, after which they become more independent when feeding.

By nine months, mouth, trunk and foot coordination is perfected. It still needs its mother for nutrition and protection from predators for at least another year.

Suckling after two years may serve to maintain growth rate, body condition and reproductive ability. Play behaviour in calves differs between the sexes; females run or chase each other while males play-fight.

The former are sexually mature by the age of nine years [] while the latter become mature around 14—15 years. Touching is an important form of communication among elephants.

Individuals greet each other by stroking or wrapping their trunks; the latter also occurs during mild competition.

Older elephants use trunk-slaps, kicks, and shoves to discipline younger ones. This allows individuals to pick up chemical cues. Touching is especially important for mother—calf communication.

When moving, elephant mothers will touch their calves with their trunks or feet when side-by-side or with their tails if the calf is behind them.

Visual displays mostly occur in agonistic situations. Elephants will try to appear more threatening by raising their heads and spreading their ears.

They may add to the display by shaking their heads and snapping their ears, as well as throwing dust and vegetation. They are usually bluffing when performing these actions.

Excited elephants may raise their trunks. Submissive ones will lower their heads and trunks, as well as flatten their ears against their necks, while those that accept a challenge will position their ears in a V shape.

Elephants produce several sounds, usually through the larynx , though some may be modified by the trunk. Trumpeting is made during excitement, distress or aggression.

At Amboseli, several different infrasonic calls have been identified. A greeting rumble is emitted by members of a family group after having been separated for several hours.

Contact calls are soft, unmodulated sounds made by individuals that have been separated from their group and may be responded to with a "contact answer" call that starts out loud, but becomes softer.

Bulls in musth emit a distinctive, low-frequency pulsated rumble nicknamed the "motorcycle". Musth rumbles may be answered by the "female chorus", a low-frequency, modulated chorus produced by several cows.

A loud postcopulatory call may be made by an oestrous cow after mating. When a cow has mated, her family may produce calls of excitement known as the "mating pandemonium".

They appear to rely on their leg and shoulder bones to transmit the signals to the middle ear. When detecting seismic signals, the animals lean forward and put more weight on their larger front feet; this is known as the "freezing behaviour".

Elephants possess several adaptations suited for seismic communication. The cushion pads of the feet contain cartilaginous nodes and have similarities to the acoustic fat found in marine mammals like toothed whales and sirenians.

A unique sphincter -like muscle around the ear canal constricts the passageway, thereby dampening acoustic signals and allowing the animal to hear more seismic signals.

An individual running or mock charging can create seismic signals that can be heard at great distances. Elephants exhibit mirror self-recognition , an indication of self-awareness and cognition that has also been demonstrated in some apes and dolphins.

This individual was even able to score a high accuracy rating when re-tested with the same visual pairs a year later. An Asian elephant has been observed modifying branches and using them as flyswatters.

Elephants are popularly thought of as having an excellent memory. This could have a factual basis; they possibly have cognitive maps to allow them to remember large-scale spaces over long periods of time.

Individuals appear to be able to keep track of the current location of their family members. Scientists debate the extent to which elephants feel emotion.

They appear to show interest in the bones of their own kind, regardless of whether they are related. This has been interpreted as expressing "concern"; [] however, others would dispute such an interpretation as being anthropomorphic ; [] [] the Oxford Companion to Animal Behaviour advised that "one is well advised to study the behaviour rather than attempting to get at any underlying emotion".

African elephants were listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN in , with no independent assessment of the conservation status of the two forms.

By , the population was estimated to be ,; with , in Central Africa, , in eastern Africa , , in southern Africa , and 19, in western Africa.

About , elephants were estimated to live in the rainforests, fewer than had previously been thought.

Population trends in southern Africa were mixed, with anecdotal reports of losses in Zambia , Mozambique and Angola while populations grew in Botswana and Zimbabwe and were stable in South Africa.

Successful conservation efforts in certain areas have led to high population densities. As of , local numbers were controlled by contraception or translocation.

Large-scale cullings ceased in , when Zimbabwe abandoned the practice. Appendix II status which allows restricted trade was given to elephants in Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe in and South Africa in The event was conducted to raise awareness of the value of elephants and rhinos, to help mitigate human-elephant conflicts, and to promote anti-poaching activities.

It is now extinct in these areas, [] and the current range of Asian elephants is highly fragmented. It is likely that around half of the population is in India.

Although Asian elephants are declining in numbers overall, particularly in Southeast Asia, the population in the Western Ghats appears to be increasing.

The poaching of elephants for their ivory, meat and hides has been one of the major threats to their existence. Following the bans, unemployment rose in India and China, where the ivory industry was important economically.

By contrast, Japan and Hong Kong, which were also part of the industry, were able to adapt and were not badly affected.

The ban allowed the elephant to recover in parts of Africa. Still, members of the species have been killed for their ivory in some areas, such as Periyar National Park in India.

Other threats to elephants include habitat destruction and fragmentation. Because they need larger amounts of land than other sympatric terrestrial mammals, they are the first to be affected by human encroachment.

In extreme cases, elephants may be confined to small islands of forest among human-dominated landscapes. Elephants cannot coexist with humans in agricultural areas due to their size and food requirements.

Elephants commonly trample and consume crops, which contributes to conflicts with humans, and both elephants and humans have died by the hundreds as a result.

Mitigating these conflicts is important for conservation. Elephants have been working animals since at least the Indus Valley Civilization [] and continue to be used in modern times.

There were 13,—16, working elephants employed in Asia in These animals are typically captured from the wild when they are 10—20 years old when they can be trained quickly and easily, and will have a longer working life.

Individuals of the Asian species have been often trained as working animals. Asian elephants perform tasks such as hauling loads into remote areas, moving logs to rivers and roads, transporting tourists around national parks , pulling wagons, and leading religious processions.

Elephants can be trained to respond to over 30 commands. They and other captive elephants are thus protected under The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of In both Myanmar and Thailand, deforestation and other economic factors have resulted in sizable populations of unemployed elephants resulting in health problems for the elephants themselves as well as economic and safety problems for the people amongst whom they live.

The practice of working elephants has also been attempted in Africa. Historically, elephants were considered formidable instruments of war.

They were equipped with armour to protect their sides, and their tusks were given sharp points of iron or brass if they were large enough.

War elephants were trained to grasp an enemy soldier and toss him to the person riding on them or to pin the soldier to the ground and impale him.

One of the earliest references to war elephants is in the Indian epic Mahabharata written in the 4th century BC, but said to describe events between the 11th and 8th centuries BC.

They were not used as much as horse-drawn chariots by either the Pandavas or Kauravas. During the Magadha Kingdom which began in the 6th century BC , elephants began to achieve greater cultural importance than horses, and later Indian kingdoms used war elephants extensively; 3, of them were used in the Nandas 5th and 4th centuries BC army while 9, may have been used in the Mauryan army between the 4th and 2nd centuries BC.

The Arthashastra written around BC advised the Mauryan government to reserve some forests for wild elephants for use in the army, and to execute anyone who killed them.

In his B. Indian campaign, Alexander the Great confronted elephants for the first time, and suffered heavy casualties. Among the reasons for the refusal of the rank-and-file Macedonian soldiers to continue the Indian conquest were rumors of even larger elephant armies in India.

His son and successor Ptolemy II who began his rule in BC obtained his supply of elephants further south in Nubia. From then on, war elephants were employed in the Mediterranean and North Africa throughout the classical period.

While they frightened the Roman horses, they were not decisive and Pyrrhus ultimately lost the battle. The Carthaginian general Hannibal took elephants across the Alps during his war with the Romans and reached the Po Valley in BC with all of them alive, but they later succumbed to disease.

Overall, elephants owed their initial successes to the element of surprise and to the fear that their great size invoked. With time, strategists devised counter-measures and war elephants turned into an expensive liability and were hardly ever used by Romans and Parthians.

Elephants were historically kept for display in the menageries of Ancient Egypt , China , Greece , and Rome. The Romans in particular pitted them against humans and other animals in gladiator events.

In the modern era , elephants have traditionally been a major part of zoos and circuses around the world. In circuses, they are trained to perform tricks.

Asian elephants were always more common than their African counterparts in modern zoos and circuses. Subsequently, the US received many of its captive African elephants from Zimbabwe, which had an overabundance of the animals.

The largest captive population is in North America, which has an estimated Asian and African elephants. Keeping elephants in zoos has met with some controversy.

Proponents of zoos argue that they offer researchers easy access to the animals and provide money and expertise for preserving their natural habitats, as well as safekeeping for the species.

Critics claim that the animals in zoos are under physical and mental stress. The use of elephants in circuses has also been controversial; the Humane Society of the United States has accused circuses of mistreating and distressing their animals.

Feld stated that these practices are necessary to protect circus workers and acknowledged that an elephant trainer was reprimanded for using an electric shock device, known as a hot shot or electric prod, on an elephant.

Despite this, he denied that any of these practices harm elephants. Ralph Helfer is known to have relied on gentleness and reward when training his animals, including elephants and lions.

Elephants can exhibit bouts of aggressive behaviour and engage in destructive actions against humans.

Because of the timing, these attacks have been interpreted as vindictive. Elephants killed around people between and in Jharkhand while in Assam , people were reportedly killed between and In many cultures, elephants represent strength, power, wisdom, longevity, stamina, leadership, sociability, nurturance and loyalty.

For instance, a " white elephant " is a byword for something expensive, useless, and bizarre. Elephants have been represented in art since Paleolithic times.

Africa, in particular, contains many rock paintings and engravings of the animals, especially in the Sahara and southern Africa. At the beginning of the Middle Ages when Europeans had little to no access to the animals, elephants were portrayed more like fantasy creatures.

They were often depicted with horse- or bovine-like bodies with trumpet-like trunks and tusks like a boar; some were even given hooves. Elephants were commonly featured in motifs by the stonemasons of the Gothic churches.

As more elephants began to be sent to European kings as gifts during the 15th century, depictions of them became more accurate, including one made by Leonardo da Vinci.

Despite this, some Europeans continued to portray them in a more stylised fashion. Elephants have been the subject of religious beliefs.

The Mbuti people of central Africa believe that the souls of their dead ancestors resided in elephants. During the 10th century AD, the people of Igbo-Ukwu , near the Niger Delta , buried their leaders with elephant tusks.

In Sumatra, elephants have been associated with lightning. Likewise in Hinduism, they are linked with thunderstorms as Airavata , the father of all elephants, represents both lightning and rainbows.

In Islamic tradition, the year when Muhammad was born is known as the Year of the Elephant. Elephants are ubiquitous in Western popular culture as emblems of the exotic, especially since — as with the giraffe , hippopotamus and rhinoceros — there are no similar animals familiar to Western audiences.

They are typically surrogates for humans with ideal human values. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the living species.

For extinct relatives also known as elephants, see Elephantidae. For other uses, see Elephant disambiguation. Large terrestrial mammals with trunks from Africa and Asia.

List of elephant species. African forest elephant in Ivindo National Park , Gabon. Asian elephant in Bandipur National Park , India.

Elephant ivory and Elephant meat. Cultural depictions of elephants. Elephants in Kerala culture , List of elephants in mythology and religion , and List of fictional pachyderms.

In andere projecten Wikimedia Commons. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 2 mei om Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie.

Sara Gruen boek Richard LaGravenese script. Pattinson, Robert Robert Pattinson. Waltz, Christoph Christoph Waltz. Witherspoon, Reese Reese Witherspoon.

Holbrook, Hal Hal Holbrook. Frain, James James Frain.

Elefants Video

Great Elephant, Nature 2018 HD Documentary.

elefants - something

Yet Unknown das MusikVideo. Ihr seid alle super PENG! Vielleicht ist dass hier genau das richtige für dich! Ihr musstet so lange warten! Wir sind sehr glücklich darüber und auch ein wenig stolz drauf. Alive - Das neue Musikvideo. Ihr London Elephants Support Team. Hier gehts zum Album. Segen für euch alle und wir hoffen, so schnell wie daytrading anbieter zurückzukehren! Danke an unsere treuen Fans, die mit uns im Regen bis spät in die Nacht getanzt haben! Alive - Das neue Musikvideo. Die fünfköpfige Band gibt es nun schon seit über fünf Jahren und in dieser Zeit hat sie sowohl soundtechnisch, als auch spartacus call to arms casino der Besetzung der Bandmitglieder einige Veränderungen erlebt. Reha-Zentrum, Waisenhaus und Krankenstation. Hannes Kelch with London Elephants Mastering: Jänner Weekender Club in Innsbruck! Nächster Gig der Yet Unknown Tour Die Tiere werden entweder getötet oder an hotel el san juan resort casino puerto rico Tourismusindustrie verkauft. Wir sind die musikalischen Ausserirdischen auf den Rosengartenplaneten. Sollte das nicht mehr möglich sein, können die Elefanten auch für den Rest ihres Lebens im Schutzzentrum bleiben.

The units were deployed at a company level, sometimes sub-divided into platoons, with infantry or tanks in accompaniment to protect the flanks and rear of the vehicles.

On the attack, this Jagdpanzer was a first-strike vehicle; while in defence, they often comprised a mobile reserve used to blunt enemy tank assaults [7].

Although the Elefant modifications improved the vehicles, some problems could never be fully fixed. In , the Elefants served on the Italian front, but were rather ineffective as their weight of nearly 70 tonnes did not allow them to use most Italian roads and bridges.

As at Kursk, most Elefant losses were not as a direct result from combat, but resulted when mechanical breakdowns and lack of spare parts compelled their crews to destroy and abandon them.

The Ferdinand may have been the most successful tank destroyer employed during the war in kills per loss, reaching an average claimed ratio of approximately However, poor mobility and mechanical unreliability greatly diminished its operational capability.

The Elefant and Nashorn were both superseded by the Jagdpanther. All three vehicles mounted the same gun, with only some minor differences between them.

Only two of these vehicles survived the war. The example at Fort Lee was restored to display condition in —, [9] as documented on the show Tank Overhaul , but not in its original paint scheme.

This display aims to bring all the members of the Tiger family together in one place for the first time. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the Wehrmacht tank destroyer. For the animal, see elephant. For other uses, see Elefant disambiguation.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Archived from the original on When detecting seismic signals, the animals lean forward and put more weight on their larger front feet; this is known as the "freezing behaviour".

Elephants possess several adaptations suited for seismic communication. The cushion pads of the feet contain cartilaginous nodes and have similarities to the acoustic fat found in marine mammals like toothed whales and sirenians.

A unique sphincter -like muscle around the ear canal constricts the passageway, thereby dampening acoustic signals and allowing the animal to hear more seismic signals.

An individual running or mock charging can create seismic signals that can be heard at great distances. Elephants exhibit mirror self-recognition , an indication of self-awareness and cognition that has also been demonstrated in some apes and dolphins.

This individual was even able to score a high accuracy rating when re-tested with the same visual pairs a year later.

An Asian elephant has been observed modifying branches and using them as flyswatters. Elephants are popularly thought of as having an excellent memory.

This could have a factual basis; they possibly have cognitive maps to allow them to remember large-scale spaces over long periods of time.

Individuals appear to be able to keep track of the current location of their family members. Scientists debate the extent to which elephants feel emotion.

They appear to show interest in the bones of their own kind, regardless of whether they are related. This has been interpreted as expressing "concern"; [] however, others would dispute such an interpretation as being anthropomorphic ; [] [] the Oxford Companion to Animal Behaviour advised that "one is well advised to study the behaviour rather than attempting to get at any underlying emotion".

African elephants were listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN in , with no independent assessment of the conservation status of the two forms.

By , the population was estimated to be ,; with , in Central Africa, , in eastern Africa , , in southern Africa , and 19, in western Africa.

About , elephants were estimated to live in the rainforests, fewer than had previously been thought. Population trends in southern Africa were mixed, with anecdotal reports of losses in Zambia , Mozambique and Angola while populations grew in Botswana and Zimbabwe and were stable in South Africa.

Successful conservation efforts in certain areas have led to high population densities. As of , local numbers were controlled by contraception or translocation.

Large-scale cullings ceased in , when Zimbabwe abandoned the practice. Appendix II status which allows restricted trade was given to elephants in Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe in and South Africa in The event was conducted to raise awareness of the value of elephants and rhinos, to help mitigate human-elephant conflicts, and to promote anti-poaching activities.

It is now extinct in these areas, [] and the current range of Asian elephants is highly fragmented.

It is likely that around half of the population is in India. Although Asian elephants are declining in numbers overall, particularly in Southeast Asia, the population in the Western Ghats appears to be increasing.

The poaching of elephants for their ivory, meat and hides has been one of the major threats to their existence. Following the bans, unemployment rose in India and China, where the ivory industry was important economically.

By contrast, Japan and Hong Kong, which were also part of the industry, were able to adapt and were not badly affected.

The ban allowed the elephant to recover in parts of Africa. Still, members of the species have been killed for their ivory in some areas, such as Periyar National Park in India.

Other threats to elephants include habitat destruction and fragmentation. Because they need larger amounts of land than other sympatric terrestrial mammals, they are the first to be affected by human encroachment.

In extreme cases, elephants may be confined to small islands of forest among human-dominated landscapes. Elephants cannot coexist with humans in agricultural areas due to their size and food requirements.

Elephants commonly trample and consume crops, which contributes to conflicts with humans, and both elephants and humans have died by the hundreds as a result.

Mitigating these conflicts is important for conservation. Elephants have been working animals since at least the Indus Valley Civilization [] and continue to be used in modern times.

There were 13,—16, working elephants employed in Asia in These animals are typically captured from the wild when they are 10—20 years old when they can be trained quickly and easily, and will have a longer working life.

Individuals of the Asian species have been often trained as working animals. Asian elephants perform tasks such as hauling loads into remote areas, moving logs to rivers and roads, transporting tourists around national parks , pulling wagons, and leading religious processions.

Elephants can be trained to respond to over 30 commands. They and other captive elephants are thus protected under The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of In both Myanmar and Thailand, deforestation and other economic factors have resulted in sizable populations of unemployed elephants resulting in health problems for the elephants themselves as well as economic and safety problems for the people amongst whom they live.

The practice of working elephants has also been attempted in Africa. Historically, elephants were considered formidable instruments of war.

They were equipped with armour to protect their sides, and their tusks were given sharp points of iron or brass if they were large enough.

War elephants were trained to grasp an enemy soldier and toss him to the person riding on them or to pin the soldier to the ground and impale him.

One of the earliest references to war elephants is in the Indian epic Mahabharata written in the 4th century BC, but said to describe events between the 11th and 8th centuries BC.

They were not used as much as horse-drawn chariots by either the Pandavas or Kauravas. During the Magadha Kingdom which began in the 6th century BC , elephants began to achieve greater cultural importance than horses, and later Indian kingdoms used war elephants extensively; 3, of them were used in the Nandas 5th and 4th centuries BC army while 9, may have been used in the Mauryan army between the 4th and 2nd centuries BC.

The Arthashastra written around BC advised the Mauryan government to reserve some forests for wild elephants for use in the army, and to execute anyone who killed them.

In his B. Indian campaign, Alexander the Great confronted elephants for the first time, and suffered heavy casualties. Among the reasons for the refusal of the rank-and-file Macedonian soldiers to continue the Indian conquest were rumors of even larger elephant armies in India.

His son and successor Ptolemy II who began his rule in BC obtained his supply of elephants further south in Nubia. From then on, war elephants were employed in the Mediterranean and North Africa throughout the classical period.

While they frightened the Roman horses, they were not decisive and Pyrrhus ultimately lost the battle. The Carthaginian general Hannibal took elephants across the Alps during his war with the Romans and reached the Po Valley in BC with all of them alive, but they later succumbed to disease.

Overall, elephants owed their initial successes to the element of surprise and to the fear that their great size invoked.

With time, strategists devised counter-measures and war elephants turned into an expensive liability and were hardly ever used by Romans and Parthians.

Elephants were historically kept for display in the menageries of Ancient Egypt , China , Greece , and Rome. The Romans in particular pitted them against humans and other animals in gladiator events.

In the modern era , elephants have traditionally been a major part of zoos and circuses around the world. In circuses, they are trained to perform tricks.

Asian elephants were always more common than their African counterparts in modern zoos and circuses. Subsequently, the US received many of its captive African elephants from Zimbabwe, which had an overabundance of the animals.

The largest captive population is in North America, which has an estimated Asian and African elephants. Keeping elephants in zoos has met with some controversy.

Proponents of zoos argue that they offer researchers easy access to the animals and provide money and expertise for preserving their natural habitats, as well as safekeeping for the species.

Critics claim that the animals in zoos are under physical and mental stress. The use of elephants in circuses has also been controversial; the Humane Society of the United States has accused circuses of mistreating and distressing their animals.

Feld stated that these practices are necessary to protect circus workers and acknowledged that an elephant trainer was reprimanded for using an electric shock device, known as a hot shot or electric prod, on an elephant.

Despite this, he denied that any of these practices harm elephants. Ralph Helfer is known to have relied on gentleness and reward when training his animals, including elephants and lions.

Elephants can exhibit bouts of aggressive behaviour and engage in destructive actions against humans. Because of the timing, these attacks have been interpreted as vindictive.

Elephants killed around people between and in Jharkhand while in Assam , people were reportedly killed between and In many cultures, elephants represent strength, power, wisdom, longevity, stamina, leadership, sociability, nurturance and loyalty.

For instance, a " white elephant " is a byword for something expensive, useless, and bizarre. Elephants have been represented in art since Paleolithic times.

Africa, in particular, contains many rock paintings and engravings of the animals, especially in the Sahara and southern Africa. At the beginning of the Middle Ages when Europeans had little to no access to the animals, elephants were portrayed more like fantasy creatures.

They were often depicted with horse- or bovine-like bodies with trumpet-like trunks and tusks like a boar; some were even given hooves.

Elephants were commonly featured in motifs by the stonemasons of the Gothic churches. As more elephants began to be sent to European kings as gifts during the 15th century, depictions of them became more accurate, including one made by Leonardo da Vinci.

Despite this, some Europeans continued to portray them in a more stylised fashion. Elephants have been the subject of religious beliefs.

The Mbuti people of central Africa believe that the souls of their dead ancestors resided in elephants.

During the 10th century AD, the people of Igbo-Ukwu , near the Niger Delta , buried their leaders with elephant tusks. In Sumatra, elephants have been associated with lightning.

Likewise in Hinduism, they are linked with thunderstorms as Airavata , the father of all elephants, represents both lightning and rainbows.

In Islamic tradition, the year when Muhammad was born is known as the Year of the Elephant. Elephants are ubiquitous in Western popular culture as emblems of the exotic, especially since — as with the giraffe , hippopotamus and rhinoceros — there are no similar animals familiar to Western audiences.

They are typically surrogates for humans with ideal human values. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the living species. For extinct relatives also known as elephants, see Elephantidae. For other uses, see Elephant disambiguation.

Large terrestrial mammals with trunks from Africa and Asia. List of elephant species. African forest elephant in Ivindo National Park , Gabon.

Asian elephant in Bandipur National Park , India. Elephant ivory and Elephant meat. Cultural depictions of elephants. Elephants in Kerala culture , List of elephants in mythology and religion , and List of fictional pachyderms.

Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 22 January Palaeolexicon, Word study tool of ancient languages. Retrieved 19 January The American Philosophical Society.

Journal of Molecular Evolution. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1 3rd ed. Johns Hopkins University Press. Bulletin of the Raffles Museum, Singapore Handbuch der Naturgeschichte 5th ed.

A Paris, Chez A. Geoffroy Saint- Hillaire, et F. Livraisons 52 et 53". Trustees of the American Museum of Natural History: Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin.

Loxodonta africana Blumenbach, and Loxodonta cyclotis Matschie, ". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Murphy, William J, ed. Annual Review of Animal Biosciences.

Explicit use of et al. Archived from the original PDF on 3 December Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Trends in Ecology and Evolution.

How Grazing Animals Shaped Evolution". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Archived from the original PDF on 13 November Retrieved 18 September Retrieved 21 September Archived from the original PDF on 20 May Retrieved 14 December Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Archived from the original PDF on 7 December Journal of Comparative Psychology. Retrieved 25 June National Geographic Magazine , August , pp.

A Natural History of Domesticated Mammals. British Museum Natural History. Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 27 January African Journal of Ecology.

History and population genetics of a man-made phenomenon". Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 23 December Journal of Experimental Biology.

Are fast-moving elephants really running? Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. Retrieved 3 November Mann, and Mary F.

Retrieved 27 November Remarkable Journeys in the Wild. University of California Press. Retrieved 5 October The New Indian Express.

Archived from the original PDF on 30 April Archived from the original on 14 July Retrieved 4 June The Estrous Cycle of Elephants".

Archived from the original on 6 June Dit verhoogt het koppel , iets wat erg nuttig is bij een zware tank. Een andere vernieuwing was dat de zes loopwielen per zijde per paar geveerd werden door een korte torsiestaaf die naast de wielen in de lengte was aangebracht.

Een torsiestaafophanging is erg betrouwbaar, maar neemt meestal ruimte in beslag op de bodem van de romp wat de hoogte vergroot. Die was toch al niet te hoog want het chassis werd veel zwaarder belast dan eerst voorzien: De motoren werden van achteren naar het midden van de romp verplaatst.

Vooraan was een aparte ruimte voor de chauffeur en de seiner. Achterop was een enorme bak van vijftien ton gebouwd met de gevechtsruimte voor vier man — commandant, schutter en twee laders — om het krachtige kanon te bedienen.

Daardoor maakte het hele voertuig een erg massieve indruk. In feite was het echter niet zo heel erg groot. Deze maakten de Ferdinand tot het zwaarst bepantserde gevechtsvoertuig van Daar stond tegenover dat het type in vrijwel immuun was voor alle antitankwapens.

Ieder had een organieke sterkte van 45 Ferdinands — en dus geen enkele materieelreserve. Ieder bataljon had drie compagnies met drie pelotons van vier voertuigen.

De bataljonscommandant had drie voertuigen en de compagniescommandanten twee. Sommige Ferdinands bereikten het front bij Koersk echter niet vanwege storingen.

Dit was te wijten aan de te zwakke transmissies. Tijdens de slag bleek dat echter niet de grootste ontwerpfout te zijn — dat was namelijk het ontbreken van een ingebouwd machinegeweer.

Men had alleen een los machinegeweer in de gevechtsruimte hangen, maar geen enkele mogelijkheid om vanuit het voertuig vuur af te geven.

Elefants - good when

Plasma Vortex - Das neue Album. Wir sehen uns dort! Hier das Video zu In the Dawn. Hier gehts zum Album. Den Tod oder einen ebenso grausamen Karrierewechsel haben die gefährdeten Dickhäuter nicht verdient. Eure LEs Rosengarten Festival. Het kanon stond erom bekend een enorm effectief bereik te hebben. Emotional Lives of Animals. Archived from the original tarragona wetter Wat zijn die Pattinson en Witherspoon dramatisch zeg. Gestation in elephants typically lasts around two years with interbirth intervals usually lasting four to five years. Three species are currently recognised: Je zou haast denken dat een circus gelijk een vrolijke massa moet zijn, maar Jacob komt hier echter bij ongure types terecht, en uiteindelijk de sadistische eigenaar, die graag dieren mishandeld die casino british promotion code het circuspubliek overkomt als een leuke presentator en zijn geliefde Rosie steeds onder druk zet. Elephant crushing Elephant goad Mahout Trainers. Musth rumbles may be answered by the "female chorus", a low-frequency, modulated chorus produced by several cows. Na de acties in werden de 48 van de vijftig overgebleven Ferdinands herbouwd en om onduidelijke redenen op 1 mei omgedoopt tot Elefant. Het einde is dan weer een aaneenschakeling vflbochum.de voorspelbare acties die je uiteindelijk toch met een wrang nasmaakje laat zitten. Het verhaal wetter com freiburg 7 tage ook niet zo slecht.

5 Replies to “Elefants”

  1. Gardaramar says:

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  2. Kenos says:

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  3. Grojin says:

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  4. Akinoshicage says:

    Es ist die wertvolle Phrase

  5. Mitaur says:

    ich beglückwünsche, Sie hat der einfach prächtige Gedanke besucht

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